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NSW Public Health Bulletin archive

Impact of Sydney’s deepwater ocean outfalls on Garie Beach Volume 5 Issue 10

Michael J Fett, Jason Bawden-Smith, Santo Cannata

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About the author/s

Michael J Fett

Jason Bawden-Smith

Santo Cannata


In 1990 and 1991 three deep water ocean sewage outfalls were commissioned (Malabar in September 1990, North Head in December 1990 and Bondi in August 1991) to alleviate the problem of frequent fouling of many of Sydney’s premier ocean beaches.